New Zealand released Te Pā Harakeke: Māori housing and wellbeing 2021
this morning. The report focuses on Māori housing and wellbeing, particularly
on the connections and associations between various housing measures and Māori
wellbeing outcomes. The report can be accessed here.
One of the keys
to intergenerational wellbeing is home ownership. We know that home ownership
remains a key aspiration for most New Zealanders.
rates are associated with age. People who are older are more likely to own or
partly own their home than people in younger age groups. The Māori population
is generally younger. As people in their early twenties are often the least
likely to live in an owner-occupied home, having a younger population structure
is likely to result in lower home ownership rates.
notes that Māori experience poorer housing outcomes and higher rates of
homelessness. The report states that enduring low rates of home ownership have
resulted in adverse economic and material outcomes with potentially wider
intergenerational implications for Māori. Māori are also more likely to live in
unsuitable, crowded homes, and in homes affected by dampness and mould. They
are also less likely to move from renting to home ownership and generally report
higher rates of unaffordable housing.
makes for unsettling reading especially given Māori are projected to represent
a significant chunk of the nation’s working age population in future.
notes that Māori were much more likely to own the home they lived in, in the
1930s, but that Māori home ownership rates have fallen since then, particularly
as many Māori migrated to cities. By the time national homeownership rates
reached their peak in the 1990s, the rates for Māori had fallen well below that
of people with European ethnicity.
reports tend to appear unexciting, but they are an effective way of measuring
the success of targeted central government initiatives. This latest report from
Stats NZ Tatauranga Aotearoa demonstrates there is still a long way to go
to achieve equitable housing outcomes for Māori.